Written by: Dr. Madiha Rehman DVM, M.Phil (Veterinary Parasitology), Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan Pakistan's Seafood Industry [caption id="attachment_182" align="alignright" width="212"] Fish industry[/caption] Pakistan is enriched with agricultural land and a vast area covered with waters providing a diverse flora and fauna to harbour a large variety of l...
Written by: Noor Fatima
B.S student, Faculty of Agriculture Sciences and Technology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan.
Pakistan is blessed with many agriculture resources and Livestock is one of them. In Pakistan, the most important component of agriculture is livestock and constitutes 56.3 per cent of Agriculture’s additional value. More than the combined shares of all other sub-sectors, livestock share in agriculture value addition contributes 11.8 per cent of GDP. Milk demand in Pakistan is increasing due to an increase in human population and higher consumption of milk and milk products. Pakistan is ranked 4th largest milk-producing country in the world with milk production of 54.328 Million Tonnes.
Cattle and buffaloes are the major dairy animals in Pakistan. The population of Sahiwal cattle was 2.061 million heads and yield per lactation in Sahiwal cattle is 1800-2200 kg, and the fat content is 4.5%, protein 3.31%, solid not fat 8.62, lactose 4.72%. The Agriculture Sector contributes 21% of GDP of Pakistan, which consumes 46% of direct labour force coming from 67% of the population. Out of Agriculture, the share of livestock sector is 56%. However, the headcount involved in both sectors is the same as livestock and agriculture supplement each other in the rural landscape.
Small ruminants like sheep and goats are also important livestock resources in Pakistan. They are an important source of protein in the diet, provide a source of income and play
socio-economic roles in Pakistan. They are recognized for their heat tolerance, prolificacy, hardiness and suitability for year-round breeding. However, their productivity is less than optimum characterized by poor growth rates and reproductive performance due to inadequate nutrition.
The main reason for the preference of raising livestock in Pakistan are:
• Livestock animals can be used for various purposes such as meat, wool, skin, manure, and to some extent milk & transport
• Farming of Livestock is a sustainable way to help the planet.
• Animals are the source of energy provided the animal draught power while manure improves the soil structure and fertility as well as water retention.
• Livestock also helps to improve the nutrient cycle.
• It improves the economy so that’s why it is the backbone of the economy.
• It also provides milk, meat, leather, fur and cotton.
• Livestock farming helps you develop valuable skills
• Livestock farming can bring your community together.
• Livestock farming can reduce waste, pests, and disease on your property.
• The production of wool, meat and manure provides three different sources of income per year
• Mutton is one kind of meat towards which there is no prejudice by any community in Pakistan
• Livestock is a source of energy providing draught animal power while manure improves soil structure and fertility as well as water retention. Both uses are environmentally friendly improving energy and nutrient cycling.
• Livestock is also used to transport agricultural inputs and outputs and people.
However, some farmers do not agree about the beneficial role of livestock because they encounter several problems while rearing the animals. Some of the disadvantages are:
• Livestock can be smelly, dirty and dusty so it causes pollution.
• Many animals cause different kinds of diseases that are harmful to human beings.
• Livestock is hurt you if you are not careful because it is larger, stronger, heavier.
• Livestock typically need care (feed, watering, monitoring, etc.)
• Livestock generally (or can be) smelly, dirty, dusty, etc.
• Livestock can hurt you if you aren’t careful.
• A lot of livestock is larger, heavier and stronger than you. They don’t always react in logical ways to things. They can claw you, step on you, peck you, bite you, etc.
• Animals generate manure that you need to manage, dispose of, spread on your field, etc.
• Just like a lot of farm enterprises your prices are set by commodity and global markets and you may not always make money. You need to be good at managing cash-flow and your equity. Likewise, the cost of your inputs may also be out of your control.
• You could face catastrophic loss if your livestock herd is hit by a major disease outbreak.
• You could face backlash and criticism (and maybe regulation) from groups of non-farmers who think you are not raising the animals properly.
Yearly growth of Livestock in Pakistan