USA Horse Industry at a glance Horses are one of the most adorable and intelligent species on the face of the earth. Like others, the evolution of the horse did not occur in a straight line. Many of the horse-like animals were branched-off but now a day’s one genus is the only surviving branch of a once large evolutionary bush which is called Equus. In this Equus group, horses got their scienti...
Top 8 tips for breeding your dog
Dog breeding has been well established and one of the oldest practice performed for getting new progeny with improved characteristics. Scientific pieces of evidence suggest that all dog breeds originate from the Eurasian grey wolf. But, the lack of knowledge about the breeding facts can result in the birth of poor quality puppies or even in severe cases death of mother bitch and puppies occur due to complications. Here I will write 8 most important tips for everyone to follow before going to breed your dog.
Don’t make your breeding dogs a fattish
Higher growth/fat deposition is inversely proportional to reproductive efficiency. It is highly recommended that your dog should be of good body condition score. Higher body fat will lead to the accumulation of fatty tissue on the reproductive organs such as ovaries and oviduct. This will not only hinders the fertilization but will also impair the birth process. These are very important Top 8 tips for breeding your dog. Beegle, Basset hound and Labrador Retrievers are the breeds that can get fatty in a very short time if their diet plan is not focused.
Keenly observe for the first oestrous cycle of the breeding bitch
The first oestrous cycle is an important event in the life of a female dog as in some instances it can be longer and or split while an abnormal pattern can be seen. The smaller size females mature early and larger female dogs get a little bit late sexual maturity. Generally, it takes about six months to achieve puberty. Hence, it is important to closely observe the female dog for her first oestrous.
Select the male according to the size of the female
Some physical metrics can be utilized in dogs for breeding. For example, the breed standards for the Bulldog state that the dog’s head should be very large and the circumference should be at least the height of the dog at the shoulders. This standard may be detrimental to the bitches at the time of whelping (the act of birth) as the dogs with very large heads can experience dystocia if they also have small pelvises.
- Genetics: a vital component for future progeny
Several genetic disorders have been reported to exist in different breeds of dogs. Among these breed characteristics, one is back length in Dachshunds dogs. Other genetic disorders are intervertebral disc disease, large eyes in Pugs leading to exposure keratosis, or excess skin folds prone to skin infection and eye conditions in the Chinese Shar-Pei. These may put the future puppies at risk as these disorders are inherited from father to progeny or mother to progeny.
- Avoid the dog with undesirable behaviour
The behaviour of puppies is affected by their ability to communicate and by accidentally selecting the breeding dog with abnormal behaviours. For example, the tail position can communicate the affective state of a dog (e.g. tucked tails indicating fear) but breeds with bobbed tails (e.g. Corgis or Old English Sheepdogs) cannot utilize this form of communication. Also, breeds with short limbs may have difficulty adjusting their posture for appropriate signalling.
- Check for socialization attitude of the dog
Socialization is a process where animals adapt to their social environment by learning certain behaviour patterns that allow them to at least coexist. Dogs housed in commercial breeding facilities are particularly criticized for having poor mental health, which is suggested to be due to poor socialization. Hope you like this tip in Top 8 tips for breeding your dog
In these environments, dogs may not be exposed to stimuli common in households, which can be an issue when retired breeding dogs are adopted out to homes. For example, a dog from a commercial breeding facility may not have experience with many flooring surfaces, stairs, sounds or experiences associated with living in a home (i.e. carpet, household appliances or riding in a car).
Commercial breeding facilities that are not near urban areas may result in dogs experiencing fear from sounds common in urban areas if the move to cities. These factors may indicate that dogs are socialized to the commercial breeding environment, but may not cope well should this environment change.
- Avoid overbreeding
Overbreeding for desirable traits may inadvertently select for undesirable traits. For example, the ‘eyestalk’ is a desirable trait in Border Collies for herding purposes, but some dogs may develop the tendency for compulsively staring. Therefore breeding dogs specifically for phenotypic traits as opposed to their function as pets can create welfare concerns.
- Do not go in the hazardous kennel
Any breeder that keeps dogs in a kennel environment, likely encounters welfare issues found in other kennels (i.e. shelters, laboratory animals, working dog kennels or boarding facilities) that can be detrimental to dog welfare such the lack of human contact, elevated noise levels, confinement, and relatively barren environments. Additionally, due to more crowdedness, there are chances of disease transmission from other dogs to your dogs.
I hope you know well about Top 8 tips for breeding your dog. Dog breeding is not an easy task as everyone consider. Too much hard work with attention is needed if someone wants to get puppies with desired characteristics. Our tips for breeding your dogs are purely on a scientific basis and we are sure that if you follow these principles, you will get beautiful and cute puppies with a higher success rate of breeding.