Written by: Noor Fatima B.S student, Faculty of Agriculture Sciences and Technology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan. Pakistan is blessed with many agriculture resources and Livestock is one of them. In Pakistan, the most important component of agriculture is livestock and constitutes 56.3 per ce...
USA Horse Industry at a glance
Horses are one of the most adorable and intelligent species on the face of the earth. Like others, the evolution of the horse did not occur in a straight line. Many of the horse-like animals were branched-off but now a day’s one genus is the only surviving branch of a once large evolutionary bush which is called Equus. In this Equus group, horses got their scientific name as Equus Cabalis.
Modern-day horses, Equus Cabalis, were evolved about two million years ago. These became extinct in North America about 8000 years ago and were not present until Spanish arrived there in the 1400s.
By the late 1800s, towns and cities of North America had growing needs for horses. The horses were a central element in urban life. The horses created much revenue throughout the country. Later, the exploration of new frontiers further increased the needs of the horses. The horse population grew rapidly during the colonization period in North America. In the 1850s, due to the growing urban population, the horses became an essential part of urban fire protection, transportation, agriculture and military. By the 1880s, the horse population was estimated to over 1000,000 heads.
In later times, the horses were used for work and pleasure. Until 1915s, there were about 23 million horses in the USA and more than 95% of these were used for work purposes.
With the passage of time and technological advancement, horse population and purpose of horse keeping has changed. According to present-day estimates, the horse population has decreased to 10 million horses and used mostly for pleasure.
Today, the majority of horses are not found in the USA. There are more than 60 million horses in the world. Only 8% of the global horse population is present in the USA. Majority of the horses are found in Asia and South America.
From an economic point of view, about two million people are engaged with the horse industry with annual involvement of 39 billion dollars directly in the USA economy. The full-time job opportunities are 460,000 annually and 1.9 billion US dollar tax is paid annually. It is reported that the average income of a horseman in the US is about 25000 to 75000 USD.
Among US States, Texas has been under special focus from the horsemen. This state has the highest horse population i.e., about one million horses. This state also has the highest number of Quarter Horse, Painted Horse, Appaloosa Horse, Morgan Horse breeds. Additionally, Arabian and Thoroughbred breeds are also in notable numbers in Texas State. A recent survey conducted at Texas A&M University showed that Texas Equine industry was generating 696,203,400 US dollars only from breeding and sales of horses and 733,390,800 US dollars from Racing. Additionally, Showing and Rodeo sports were also among the top revenue production sources bringing about 86,030,100 and 32,090,400 US dollars respectively.
Careers in Horse Industry
Careers in the horse industry with special focus on the racing industry